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Baixa (Downtown)
Baixa, literally translated as ’low’, is situated in the gulf between the two main hills of the city and is the central business and shopping district of the capital.
Rua Augusta (Augusta street) is located in This street has on both extremes two squares: the Rossio Square and the Commerce Square.
Praça do Comércio is also known as Terreiro do Paço (Palace Square) and is often called "Black Horse Square" by the English. This is one of the most majestic squares of Lisbon and was once the main maritime entrance to Lisbon.
Rossio is one of the most beautiful and liveliest squares in the city. People stop here to sit and relax, or for a drink at the several atmospheric cafes with outdoor sitting (the most popular is the art deco Café Nicola on the western side).
The Santa Justa Elevator is a remarkable masterpiece designed by an apprentice of Gustave Eiffel, which connects Baixa (downtown) and Bairro Alto (high neighbourhood).
In neo-mauretan style, the Rossio railway station is an outstanding building set between Rossio Square and Restauradores Square and was designed by the architect José Luís Monteiro.
The Praça dos Restauradores (Restorer’s Square) is located on the south end of Avenida da Liberdade (Liberty Avenue), right beside the Rossio railway station.
Igreja de São Domingos from the outside may not be the most impressive building of Lisbon, however inside the church of Dominicans is truly unique and always makes a big impression on visitors. The church itself survived the horrible earthquake of 1755, but later, in 1959 its interior was destroyed by fire. It was reopened only in 1997 and became the most popular church of Lisbon, which celebrate the largest number of Masses a day.
Baixa (Downtown) - Touristic Map of Lisbon
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